Did you forget your dentist’s instructions to brush and floss? Been feeling guilty for not brushing your teeth at night? It’s time to buckle up on your dentists advice. Here’s why you brush your teeth at night……………….
What is “Dental Plaque”?
Your mouth is home to many different types of bacteria. Some of the disease causing bacteria ( Read as decay causing and gum infecting ) combine with the food debris and form a layer on your teeth. This is “dental plaque”. This layer of plaque should not remain on your tooth surface for long. It can harden to form ‘Dental Calculus’ or ‘Tartar’
Should I remove dental plaque?
Generally, the fibrous food you eat removes this plaque layer. Similarly, brushing and flossing also removes plaque. When plaque remains on your teeth for longer, it causes gum infection and tooth decay. Dental plaque takes 12 hours to form completely. After brushing in the morning, plaque formation begins almost immediately. Since another layer forms by night, it is important to brush and floss at night to remove this layer. Also the reduced saliva at night increases the damage caused by the unremoved plaque.
How can I remove the plaque layer?
Since plaque formation happens on all the surfaces of your teeth, it is important to clean not just the front and the top portions of the tooth, but also the areas in-between teeth. So plaque control includes
- Brushing with a tooth paste
- Interdental cleaning with dental floss, interdental brush and wooden picks
- Oral irrigation devices
What are the damages of build ups?
Plaque build ups cause
How can I prevent Plaque formation?
You cannot stop plaque formation. However, you can prevent plaque build up. Good oral hygiene practices and dental hygiene tools helps prevent build ups. Your diet also plays an important role. Avoid starchy, sticky and sugary food to reduce plaque build up and the subsequent damage to your teeth and gums. Also avoid in between meal snacking. The debris and bacteria accumulates more along your gum line. So proper brushing and flossing to clean the gum line is important.
A visit to your dentist regularly is important. Your dentist or dental hygienist will do a professional cleaning of your teeth to remove the plaque and tartar periodically.