We all have two sets of teeth – milk teeth and permanent teeth. Milk teeth is the first set of teeth that the body produces. The baby teeth fall off and then the second set of teeth which are the permanent teeth replaces the milk teeth.
Permanent teeth should last you for a lifetime, if you take good care of them. However, teeth extraction may be necessary in the following instances
1. Irreparable tooth damage due to severe decay
This happens when tooth decay reaches the centre of the tooth which is the pulp. The decay causing bacteria produce toxins that can invade the pulp and cause an infection.
In which case, a root canal procedure may help treat the infection. However, if the infection is severe, your tooth will be removed to avoid the infection from spreading. Also, if the tooth is broken beyond repair, your dentist will consider a tooth removal.
2. A viable solution to periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and the surrounding supporting structures like the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone . The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis which is an infection of the gums. The more severe kind of periodontal disease affects the periodontal ligaments and the alveolar bone.
In some instances of untreated periodontal disease a loss of the supporting bone may result in the loosening of a tooth. When this happens, tooth extraction is a possible dental option.
3. Extraction of an impacted tooth
A tooth is impacted when it is locked in the bone or when the gums cover it and prevents the tooth from coming out. This causes repeated infection in the area surrounding the tooth. This condition is usually seen with the wisdom teeth and sometimes the canine teeth.
Extraction of an impacted tooth will prevent it from damaging other teeth and may also help lower the risk of infection and overcrowding.
4. To eliminate teeth overcrowding
The extraction of one or several teeth may be necessary to eliminate the overcrowding in the mouth. This is also recommended when the patient has to undergo an orthodontic treatment and there is no room for the teeth to move and realign.
Teeth extractions are recommended when there is not enough space to straighten the alignment of your teeth.
5. Necessary after an accident
After an accident, when the oral structures are involved and the patient requires dental treatment, the first option is always to preserve the teeth. Implants, dental bonding, crowns, bridges or veneers may be recommended. However, if the dental issue is severe, a tooth extraction may be required.
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