Bleeding gums and gum diseases is one of the most common dental problems. Generally, the gum infections begin as an simple bleeding gums that goes ignored and unattended. However, talking to your dentist or your dental hygienist about bleeding gums can help you avoid further damage to your gums.
What is gingivitis or bleeding gums?
Bleeding gums or gingivitis as it is called is the first stage in the development of gum infections. Your gums can become red and spongy. Your gums can bleed spontaneously or with brushing. Some of you can experience bleeding from your gums on biting into hard food stuff. Whatever be the reason, bleeding gums should not be ignored.
Treatment of bleeding gums is a simple and reversible procedure. An oral prophylaxis or teeth cleaning by your dentist or dental hygienist to remove plaque and tartar reverts most of the signs and symptoms of gingivitis. Your gums then return to its normal coral pink colour and a firm consistency. Your dentist or dental hygienist will guide you on the right brushing and flossing methods. Follow the instructions to avoid future plaque buildups.
What is pyorrhoea or Periodontitis?
When your bleeding gums or gingivitis goes unattended, then the disease progresses into the next level called periodontitis or sever gum disease. This condition is commonly called “Pyorrhoea”. In this state your gums can become swollen, bleeding and painful gums and your teeth can become loose and shakey. This is the stage of the gum infection which has spread to the surrounding bone. The bacterial infection dissolves the bone and makes it weak. Untreated at this point you can lose your teeth.
Talk to your dentist about your concerns. Your dentist or Periodontist will suggest treatment options. Treatment at this stage is still possible and sometimes your teeth can be saved. Along with teeth cleaning or scaling your dentist/ Periodontist can do some deep cleaning procedures on your gums. LASERS can be used to treat gum swelling. Generally, the treatment outcome depends on the stage of the infection. Proper home care measures helps in plaque control and further gum issues. Do remember to visit your dentist for the scheduled check ups to keep track go your progress.
Here are 5 important pointers in preventing severe gum infection or periodontitis
- Brush your teeth. Brushing after meals helps remove food debris and plaque trapped between your teeth and gums. Don’t forget to include your tongue, bacteria loves to hide there.
- Floss. Flossing at least once a day helps remove food particles and plaque between teeth and along the gum line that your toothbrush can’t quite reach.
- Swish with mouthwash. Using a mouthwash can help reduce plaque and can remove remaining food particles that brushing and flossing missed.
- Know your risk. Age, smoking, diet and genetics can all increase your risk for periodontal disease. If you are at increased risk, be sure to talk with your dental professional.
- See a periodontist. Get an annual comprehensive periodontal evaluation (CPE) from a dental professional. A CPE looks at your teeth, plaque level, gums, bite, bone structure and other risk factors for periodontal disease. Identifying symptoms of gum disease early is key to protecting your teeth and gums.