A wisdom tooth is the last molar ( back tooth ) that comes into the mouth. The tooth generally erupts between 18-21 years of age. However, in some of you this tooth may be missing ( when the tooth is not formed at all ) or when it is present, may not erupt into the mouth properly. The tooth is more commonly “stuck” in the bone because of lack of space in the jaws for its eruption. This condition is called impaction.
When a wisdom tooth is impacted, the tooth remains covered by the gums. Any infection in the gums covering the tooth leads to pain. You have to visit a dentist, who will prescribe medication and advise removal.
If, at the time of pain you cannot access a dentist, you can try some home remedies for temporary pain relief before a wisdom tooth extraction
- Warm Salt Water Rinse
This is one of the easiest and the most effective way to relieve wisdom tooth pain. To a glass of warm water add a table spoon of water. Rinse your mouth for several minutes and then spit out. Repeat the process every few hours till the pain subsides. Also after every rinse massage the area with your fingers with a slight pressure. This helps relieve pain.
- Apply Ice
If the wisdom tooth pain is due to a swelling, applying an ice pack may help. You can use a commercially available ice pack or just wrap a few ice cubes in a towel and place it on the affected area. Cold compression may help relieve inflammation.
- Cloves/ clove oil
Clove or clove oil has the double advantage of being an anaesthetic and anti bacterial. Clove oil is a potent pain killer and it also helps help fight bacteria that cause infection. Take some clove oil and put it on a cotton ball. Hold the cotton ball on directly on the tooth and the gums immediately surrounding the tooth. Hold the cotton ball in place until the pain subsides. You can also boil a few cloves in water and use the clove water to rinse and manage the gums.
- Aloe vera
Aloe vera is non toxic and helps in reducing pain and inflammation around the area of wisdom tooth eruption. You can apply aloe vera gel to the back of the mouth on the wisdom tooth, and it will cool the area down for temporary pain relief.
- Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is a powerful anti bacterial agent proven to kill bacteria. It is advised to mix the tea the oil with coconut oil, another anti bacterial, and applying it to the affected area. Tea tree oil is very potent and should not be swallowed. Make sure you rinse and spit any residue immediately after this treatment.
- Tea Bags
Tea is used in a lot of home remedies due to the anti- inflammatory effect of tannic acid. The most effective way to use tea bags to treat your pain is to brew a cup of tea and put the cup in the refrigerator, leaving the tea bag inside the cup. Once it’s nice and cold, take the bag and place it inside your mouth, directly over the hurting gum. This will help reduce the swelling and bring pain relief almost instantly.
Peppermint is known as an excellent pain reliever for wisdom tooth pain. It has good aesthetic properties that relieve pain and also fights the infection causing bacteria. There are two ways of applying mint- You can pack the leaves on the affected gums for at least 20 minutes. The Pain will subside. The other option would be to take a few drops of peppermint extract and put it on a cotton swab applying it on your tooth. Leave it on your tooth for a few minutes and you should start to feel relieved from the pain.
- Vanilla Extract
Vanilla extract is rich in anti oxidants and also has a numbing effect on the gums. Applying this very easy and the effects begin to show in a few minutes. Put some extract on your finger and apply on the affected area. you can also take a cotton ball, some it in the extract and apply it on the affected area. Leave for a minutes to feel the effect.
- Guava Leaves
Guava leaves are great pain relievers. The leaves have anti-spasmodic and anti bacterial properties. You can chew slowly on the leaves and the juices released will take effect in a few minutes. The other option would be to take 5-7 leaves and boil them in a pot for about 5 minutes. Once the water cools down you can use the liquid as a mouthwash.
- Baking Soda Paste
Using baking soda can reduce pain and swelling. Take some tooth paste in a container and mix it with some baking soda. Apply it directly to the tooth. The level of pain should go down in a few minutes.
- Crushed garlic and ginger
Crushed garlic is one of the most effective agent to kill the bacteria into gums. Garlic when crushed with ginger is found to be even more effective. You can crush raw garlic into a paste-like consistency before adding fresh, chopped ginger and applying the paste to your gums.
Turmeric has been used for centuries as a spice and as a natural remedy for stomach pain. The analgesic and anti-inflammatory qualities of turmeric give it tremendous potential as a toothache remedy. Rubbing crushed turmeric directly on inflamed gums, or rinsing your mouth with water that’s been boiled with 5 grams of turmeric and two cloves is found to be effective.
Wheatgrass is a great healer and can be used to treat wisdom tooth pain. The high chlorophyll content in the wheat grass helps reduce inflammation and stop bacteria that cause infections.
- Thyme essential oil
Thyme oil is used to relive pain, inflammation and fever that occurs with the wisdom tooth eruption. Use a cotton ball or your fingers to apply the oil on your gums. You can make a mouthwash by adding a drop of oil to a glass of warm water.
- Oregano oil
This is a powerful healer and acts as an anti bacterial. It can reduce pain, swelling and inflammation. Oregano oil is very potent and must be diluted before use. Dilute one drop of oregano oil into 1 teaspoon of the carrier oil.Use a cotton ball or your finger to apply the oil to your tooth or gums. Do this twice a day.
In addition, drink plenty water to stay hydrated. Rinse your mouth well after every meal. You can take an over the counter pain killer, if everything else fails.